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California Indoor Air Quality Program - VOCs
Various VOC articles, reports and specs.
Organic Gases/Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are emitted as gases from certain solids or liquids. VOCs include a variety of chemicals, some of which may have short- and long-term adverse health effects. Concentrations of many VOCs are consistently higher indoors (up to ten times higher) than outdoors. VOCs are emitted by a wide array of products numbering in the thousands.
LBNL Report: Volatile Organic Compounds in Indoor Air: A Review of Concentrations Measured in North America Since 1990
Central tendency and upper limit concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) measured in indoor air are summarized and reviewed. Data were obtained from published cross-sectional studies of residential and office buildings conducted in North America from 1990 through the present. VOC concentrations in existing residences reported in 12 studies comprise the majority of the data set. Central tendency and maximum concentrations are compared between new and existing residences and between existing residences and office buildings. Historical changes in indoor VOC concentrations since the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 are explored by comparing the current data set with two published reviews of previous data obtained primarily in the 1980s. These historical comparisons suggest average indoor concentrations of some toxic air contaminants, such as 1,1,1-trichloroethane have decreased.
CARB Report: Common Indoor Sources of Volatile Organic Compounds - Emission Rates and Techniques for Reducing Consumer Exposures
To characterize and quantify the emissions rates of VOCs, including TACs, from three general categories of common indoor building and decorating materials. Also, to measure the effectiveness of various practical measures that consumers can take to reduce their exposures to the VOCs emitted from these products during and after home remodeling activities. Materials studied included carpets, carpet pads, adhesives, vinyl flooring, and interior latex paint.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Indoor Environment Division Publications
Read the latest research on volatile organic compounds and more.
LBNL Report: Classification of Measured Indoor Volatile Organic Compounds Based on Noncancer Health and Comfort Considerations
Building occupants are exposed to complex mixtures of air pollutants including many volatile organic compounds (VOCs). A recent review summarized the central tendency and upper limit indoor VOC concentrations measured in North American residences and office buildings since 1990. Although this database is limited in many respects, it serves as a useful starting point for evaluating the potential health and comfort effects of indoor VOC exposures. Excluding cancer and birth defects, the primary concern is chronic inhalation exposure to toxicants that can cause serious health problems. Additionally, building occupants react to the quality of indoor air through their sensory perceptions and frequently experience unpleasant odors and irritation of the eyes and upper respiratory tract.
An Introduction to Carbon Monoxide
Carbon monoxide is an odorless, colorless and toxic gas. Because it is impossible to see, taste or smell the toxic fumes, CO can kill you before you are aware it is in your home. At lower levels of exposure, CO causes mild effects that are often mistaken for the flu. These symptoms include headaches, dizziness, disorientation, nausea and fatigue. The effects of CO exposure can vary greatly from person to person depending on age, overall health and the concentration and length of exposure.
Workplace Environmental Exposure Levels Committee
American Industrial Hygiene Association’s Workplace Environmental Exposure Levels Committee’s mission is to produce guides on exposure levels when no legal or authoritative limits exist. Their goals are to develop guides for chemical and physical agents and stresses and to disseminate up-to-date WEEL guides and supporting documentation.
ExpoCast™ Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds Indoor Environment Workshop
SVOCs in the Indoor Environment: Mechanistic Insights to Support Sustainable Product Design, Safe Use and Improved Public Health Workshop

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