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Indoor Environmental Quality
Buildings are increasingly designed or required to be ‘sustainable’ or ‘green’ in recent years, giving the quality of the indoor environment new importance. The indoor environment is central to public health because the public spends so much time there. Concentrations of most pollutants are higher indoors, often as much as ten or more times higher than in outdoor air. A person is generally 1000 times more likely to inhale a chemical molecule if it is emitted indoors rather than outdoors. The potential importance of the indoor environment is further enhanced by the fact that pollutants emitted indoors have greater source strengths than outdoors on the basis of area. But efforts to address indoor pollutants and provide healthful and productive indoor environments often conflict with efforts to protect the larger environment from the adverse effects of building technologies (Levin, 2006). A ‘healthy building’ adversely affects neither the occupants nor the larger environment (Levin, 1981, 1995).