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Building Ecology: An Architect's Perspective on Healthy Buildings
A healthy building is one that adversely affects neither the health of its occupants nor the larger environment. Indoor air quality (IAQ) concerns are among many indoor environmental issues that must be addressed to avoid adverse impacts on occupants’ health and well being.
Among the other indoor environmental factors that must be considered are the quality of thermal, light, acoustic, privacy, security, and functional suitability. In addition to concerns about indoor environmental quality and its affect on occupants, buildings must not adversely affect the larger environment. The construction, operation, use, and ultimate disposition of a building must have minimal adverse effects on the natural environment or ultimately it will adversely affect people whether indoors or out. Buildings are healthy only if their effects on their occupants and the larger environment are benign.